Download A History of the Animal World in the Ancient Near East by B. Collins PDF

By B. Collins

ISBN-10: 9004121269

ISBN-13: 9789004121263

This identify matters mans touch with the animal international: sacrifice, sacred animals, nutrition, and domestication. Chapters on paintings, literature, faith and animal husbandry demonstrate an image of the advanced relationships among the peoples of the traditional close to East and (their) animals.
A reference consultant and key to the menagerie of the traditional close to East, with plentiful unique illustrations.

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These molecules are absorbed through the rumen wall, while the gaseous methane and carbon dioxide byproducts are periodically expelled through the esophagus by belching (eructation). Larger food particles are further ground down by regurgitating a portion (a bolus) of the rumen contents, remasticating this cud to comminute the plant fibers, and reswallowing it into the second chamber, or reticulum, for continued fermentation. Water is extracted from the ingesta in the third chamber, or omasum, and ordinary digestion is carried on in the fourth chamber, or abomasum, as well as the small intestine.

Leopards (Ppardus) have refused to succumb, however, and still haunt the hills and mountains of the Near East. They display the typical African coloration of bichromatic spots (black dots surrounding a lighter brown center) scattered upon a yellowish background. Leopards are shy and solitary, and they generally avoid human contact, a factor that has doubtless been to their advantage. Marine mammals of the Near East were apparently not heavily exploited in antiquity. C. C. Arabian Gulf sites such as Umm-an-Nar and Ras Ghanada in the United Arab Emirates (Uerpmann 1987).

1 contains a complete listing of all known post-glacial mammals inhabiting the Near East based upon modern zoological surveys. Modifications have been made to reflect details yielded by archaeological finds. ). Like nearly all other native Near Eastern ungulates, they are now much reduced in number and inhabit remote refuges within their former range. By the strictest definition, all sheep belong to a single species since captive individuals regardless of their origins produce fertile offspring.

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