By Committee to Review the National Nanotechnology Initiative, National Research Council
The nationwide Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI) used to be created in 2000 to concentration and coordinate the nanoscience and nanotechnology study and improvement (R&D) actions being funded via a number of federal organizations. the aim of the NNI is to marshal those study actions with a purpose to speed up dependable improvement and deployment of nanotechnology for fiscal gain and nationwide protection. To take inventory of the growth of the NNI, Congress, in P. L. 108-153, the twenty first Century Nanotechnology learn and improvement Act, directed the nationwide learn Council to hold out a assessment of this system each 3 years. This file provides the result of the 1st of these experiences, which addresses the industrial influence of nanotechnology advancements and offers a benchmark of U.S. R&D efforts relative to these undertaken via international opponents. moreover, the record deals an evaluate of the present prestige of accountable improvement of nanotechnology and reviews at the feasibility of molecular self-assembly.
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It provides for exchange of information among agencies that support nanotechnology research and those responsible for regulations and guidelines related to nanoproducts (defined as engineered nanoscale materials, nanostructured materials or nanotechnology-based devices, and their byproducts); facilitates the identification, prioritization, and implementation of research and other activities required for responsible R&D on, and utilization and oversight of, nanotechnology, including research methods for life cycle analysis; and promotes communication of information related to research on environmental and health implications of nanotechnology to government agencies and nongovernment parties.
Html A M at t e r 20 of Size (TAG) of about 50 government and private sector scientists to assist it in the execution of its NNAP duties. 5 The report focused on answering four questions: Where do we stand? Is this money well spent and the program well managed? Are we addressing societal concerns and potential risks? How can we do better? S. industry; Increased coordination with and outreach to the states in support of nanotechnology R&D; Establishment of databases to improve the management of research results, publications, and patents resulting from researchers’ use of NNI-supported facilities and instrumentation; Continued support for research on the effects of nanotechnology products to ensure protection of the public and the environment and establishment of regulatory standards and policies based on rational interpretation of science results, and not on perceived fears; and Inclusion in the NNI of the Departments of Education and Labor to improve the nation’s science, technology, engineering, and mathematics education and training systems.
The construction budget is about $60 million to $80 million per center, and the annual operational budget is about $20 million per center. • The Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences, based at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory and the first of the DOE’s NSRCs, includes a nanofabrication research laboratory with clean rooms and an area designated for electron-beam imaging with low levels of electromagnetic interference and vibration. The center is co-located with the new Spallation Neutron Source.