By Jose Maria Lagaron, Maria Jose Ocio, Amparo Lopez-Rubio
This ebook specializes in the coupling of plastics and biocides, with specific focus on average biocides and the nanofabrication of biocides, and in their ultimate houses and job. Chapters tackle the most important applied sciences hired to impart antimicrobial habit to polymers, together with chemical amendment of the polymers themselves, in addition to discussing purposes in foodstuff packaging, scientific units, nanomaterials, and coatings. The assurance balances outlining the applied sciences with explaining the mechanisms of antimicrobial habit. Concluding chapters hide regulatory concerns and human defense and environmental hazards of antimicrobial polymers.
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Additional info for Antimicrobial Polymers
3 Efﬁcacy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Sustainability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Conclusions and Future Trends . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 25 25 26 26 29 31 31 33 34 34 37 38 40 41 41 Antimicrobial Polymers, First Edition. Edited by Jose´ M. Lagaro´n, Marı´ a J. Ocio, and Amparo Lo´pez-Rubio.
However, increased dependence on artiﬁcial implant replacement technology has contributed new attachment opportunities to opportunistic as well as to previously non-pathogenic resident ﬂora. For example, Staphylococcus epidermidis is primarily a human commensal bacterium of the skin and mucosal surfaces with low pathogenic potential. With the introduction of implants, S. epidermidis became one of the most signiﬁcant pathogens in biomaterial-associated infections . Persistent S. epidermidis infections result from their ability to form dense, cohesive bioﬁlms on polymers and metal surfaces .
Iglewski, B. H. (2008). P. aeruginosa Bioﬁlms in CF Infection. Clinical Reviews in Allergy and Immunology, 35, 124–134. 14. Hughes, V. , Datta, N. (1983). Conjugative plasmids in bacteria of the ‘preantibiotic’ era. Nature, 302, 725–726. 15. , Gordo, I. (2007). Adaptive mutations in bacteria: High rate and small effects. Science, 317, 813–815. 16. Mesak, L. , Davies, J. (2008). Effects of subinhibitory concentrations of antibiotics on SOS and DNA repair gene expression in Staphylococcus aureus.